Edward Goodrich Acheson
Received a patent for carborundum -the hardest man-made surface and was needed to bring about the industrial age.
The history of how Thomas Adams first tried to change chicle into automobile tires, before making it into a chewing gum.
Ernest F. W. Alexanderson
The engineer whose high-frequency alternator gave America its start in the field of radio communication.
George Edward Alcorn
Alcorn invented a new type of x-ray spectrometer.
Invented the localizer antenna system for radio navigation systems.
Randice-Lisa Altschul invented the world's first disposable cell phone. The history of cell phones.
Luis Walter Alvarez
Received patents for a radio distance and direction indicator, a landing system for aircrafts, a radar system for locating planes and the hydrogen bubble chamber, used to detect subatomic particles.
Invented a firepace dampening device.
Dr. Betsy Ancker-Johnson
The third women elected to the National Academy of engineering. Ancker-Johnson holds US patent #3287659.
Anderson patented the windshield wipers in 1905.
Invented a newborn scoring system called the "Apgar Score" for assessing the health of newborn infants.
The history of Archimedes, a mathematician from ancient Greece. He invented the Archimedes screw (a device for raising water).
Edwin Howard Armstrong
Invented a method of receiving high-frequency oscillations, part of every radio and television today.
Developed a totally new way of processing film.
Determining who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
English mathematician that invented a precursor to the computer.
George H. Babcock
Received a patent for the water tube steam boiler, a safer and more efficient boiler.
The first high level computer programming language, Fortran was written by John Backus and IBM.
Leo Baekeland & Plastic
Leo Hendrik Baekeland patented a "Method of Making Insoluble Products of Phenol and Formaldehyde". Research plastic history, uses for and the making of plastic, plastic in the fifties, and visit an online plastic museum.
John Logie Baird
Remembered for the mechanical television (an earlier version of television) Baird also patented inventions related to radar and fiber optics.
His inventive spirit would lead Banneker into publishing a Farmers' Almanac.
Robert Banks and fellow research chemist Paul Hogan invented a durable plastic called Marlex®.
Received a patent for the transistor invented in 1947.
Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi - Statue of Liberty
Earned U.S. Patent #11,023 for a "Design for a Statue".
Earl Bascom invented and manufactured the rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging.
The first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical invention.
Editor and co-owner of "Scientific American", Beach was awarded patents for an improvement he made to typewriters (1857), for a cable traction railway system (1864) and for a pneumatic transit system for mail and passengers (1865).
Andrew Jackson Beard
Received a patent for a railroad car coupler and a rotary engine.
Arnold O. Beckman
Invented an apparatus for testing acidity.
In 1986, K. Alex Müller and Johannes Georg Bednorz invented the first high-temperature superconductor.
S. Joseph Begun
Patented magnetic recording.
Alexander Graham Bell
Bell and the telephone -- the history of the telephone and cellular phone history.
Automotive and aviation inventor and industrialist.
Miriam E. Benjamin
Ms. Benjamin was the second black woman to receive a patent. She received a patent for a "Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels".
Willard H. Bennett
Invented the radio frequency mass spectrometer.
On January 29, 1886, Karl Benz received his first patent for a crude gas-fueled car.
Invented the disk gramophone. The history of the gramophone.
Invented the World Wide Web and HTML or hypertext markup language.
Determining who was first in the computer biz is not always as easy as ABC.
An English engineer who invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.
Invented a indestructible and fireproof building material--Geobond®.
Co-invented Crayola Crayons.
Gerd Karl Binnig
Co-invented the scanning tunneling microscope.
Forrest M. Bird
Invented the fluid control device; respirator and the pediatric ventilator.
Invented a method to make commercial frozen foods.
Harold Stephen Black
Invented the wave translation system that eliminates feedback distortion in telephone calls.
The second black man issued a patent by the United States Patent Office.
Lyman Reed Blake
An American who invented a sewing machine for sewing the soles of shoes to the uppers. In 1858, he received a patent for his special sewing machine.
Invented the non-reflecting glass.
Invented a device to help a disabled person eat.
Baruch S. Blumberg
Co-invented a vaccine against viral hepatitis and developed a test that identified hepatitis B in blood sample.
Bombardier developed in 1958 the type of sport machine that we know today as a "snowmobile".
An improvement to the ironing board (U.S. Patent #473,653) was invented by African American Sarah Boone on April 26, 1892.
In 1849, the Bourdon tube pressure gauge was patented by Eugene Bourdon.
Invented a device that provided semiconductors with more speed.
Bill Bowerman - Sneakers
Co-invented the modern athletic shoe.
Considered the founding father of genetic engineering.
Invented an improved "Electrical Resistor" used in computers, radios, television sets, and a variety of electronic devices.
Invented braille printing.
A pioneer in the machine tool industry.
Dr. Jacques Edwin Brandenberger
Cellophane was invented in 1908 by Brandenberger, a Swiss textile engineer, who came up with the idea for a clear and protective, packaging film.
Walter H. Brattain
Co-invented the transistor - invented in 1947.
Electronic television is based on the development of the cathode ray tube that is the picture tube found in modern television sets. German scientist, Karl Braun invented the cathode ray tube oscilloscope (CRT) in 1897.
Patented the first successful car air bag.
C. B. Brooks invented an improved street sweeper truck.
Patented the a "Disposable Syringe".
Patented a "receptacle for storing and preserving papers" on November 2, 1886. It was special in that it kept the papers separated. Perhaps an early forerunner to the Filofax?
Rachel Fuller Brown
Invented the world's first useful antifungal antibiotic, Nystatin.
John Moses Browning
Prolific gun inventor known for his automatic pistols.
Holds agricultural patents on different types of potatoes (Idaho), peaches etc.
Joseph H. Burckhalter
Co-patented first antibody labeling agent.
William Seward Burroughs
Invented the first practical adding and listing machine.
Invented the video game Pong and is perhaps the father of computer entertainment.
His famous inventions are used in modern recording heads, magnetic sound for motion pictures, tape machines and video tape recording decks.
Chester F Carlson
Received a patent for electrophotography, the history of the Xerox or photocopy machine.
Wallace Hume Carothers
A brilliant and tragic mind, Carothers was the brains behind Dupont and the history of synthetic fibers.
Brought us the comfort zone with "Air Conditioning."
Behind the invention of the far-ultraviolet camera and spectrograph.
Alexander J Cartwright
The game of baseball was invented by Cartwright.
A cleric and the inventor of the power loom.
A pioneer in surgery technology.
George Washington Carver
Agricultural chemist who invented three hundred uses for peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes; and changed the history of agriculture in the south.
Invented Internet protocols.
Emmett W Chappelle
A noted biochemist, photobiologist, and astrochemist.
William Hale Charch
Moisture proof cellophane.
John B Christian
Invented and patented new lubricants, used in high flying aircraft and NASA space missions.
Josephine Garis Cochran
In 1886, Cochran invented the dishwasher in Shelbyville, Illinois.
Invented the "electrochemical paintbrush", nanotechnology used in etching microchips.
The founding father of genetic engineering.
Harry A. Cole
Invented Pine-Sol in 1929.
Inventor of the colt revolver.
Frank B Colton
Invented Enovid - the history of the first oral contraceptive.
Lloyd H Conover
Invented the antibiotic tetracycline, the most prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotic in the history of the United States.
William D Coolidge
Invented the X-Ray tube - the history of the "Coolidge Tube".
Inventor of the modern cell phone.
The history of the inventor of the Tom Thumb locomotive and Jello.
Martha J Coston
Recieved a patent for the pyrotechnic signaling system known as maritime signal flares.
Invented propellants for nuclear reactors.
Frederick G Cottrell
Invented a electrostatic precipitator called the 'Cottrell' that removed particles/pollution smoke or gases in smokestacks.
Ed Cox invented a pre-soaped pad with which to clean pots.
Designed and sold toilet paper.
Invented the Cray Supercomputer - the history of supercomputers.
Crosthwait holds thirty-nine patents for heating systems and temperature regulating devices. He is known for creating the heating system in New York City's famous Radio City Music Hall.
Invented Actar 911, the CPR mannequin.
Also known as Madame Curie - discovered radium and furthered x-ray technology.
Invented a gas engine that allowed for a revolution in car design.
Raymond V Damadian
Invented the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner that has revolutionized the field of diagnostic medicine.
English scientist that invented coke smelting and advanced the mass production of brass and iron goods.
Innovations in windsurfing.
Designed a later version of the game Monopoly.
In 1842, the first grain elevator was built by Dart.
The Renaissance man - learn about the artist as a famous inventor, his inventions, and his life.
Invented the first electric light.
Co-invented improvements in computer architecture that allow IBM compatible PCs to share the same peripheral devices.
Invented the self-polishing cast steel plow.
Invented space telegraphy with the triode amplifier.
Received a patent for the "Smart Shoe".
Received a patent for RAM or random access memory.
Sir James Dewar
He was the creator of the Dewar flask, the first thermos, and the co-created cordite, a smokeless gunpowder.
Invented the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine.
DiLorenzo designed, built, and microsurgically implanted neuroelectric interfaces that provide a patient with the sensory feedback otherwise lacking in paralyzed or even prosthetic limbs.
Produced many famous animated films - invented the multiplane camera.
Invented oral contraceptives.
The convenient disposable diaper was invented by New Yorker, Donovan in 1950.
Aibo creator - numerous patents.
Herbert Henry Dow
Herbert Dow was the famous inventor of a process of extracting Bromine, the founder of Dow Chemicals, and also invented electric light carbons, steam and internal combustion engines, automatic furnace controls, and water seals.
Charles Stark Draper
Invented a gyroscope that stabilized and balanced gunsights, bombsights and launching long-range missiles.
Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel
Among Drebbel's many inventions are: the first navigable submarine, a scarlet dye, and a thermostat for a self-regulating oven.
Dr. Charles Richard Drew
The first person to develop the blood bank.
Richard G Drew
Banjo playing, 3M engineer, Richard Drew invented Scotch Tape.
D F Duncan Sr
Duncan created the first US yo-yo fad.
The famous inventor of the first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre/tire.
Graham John Durant
The co-creator of Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.
Invented the tin can.
Charles and Frank Duryea
They founded America's first company to manufacture and sell gasoline-powered vehicles.
Charles Eames - Ray Eames
Ranked among the most important of industrial designers. They are best known for their groundbreaking contributions to architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing, and the photographic arts.
Invented dry, transparent, and flexible photographic film
Behind the history of the ENIAC computer.
Harold E "Doc" Edgerton
Doc Edgerton invented high-speed stroboscopic photography.
All of Thomas Edison's major inventions.
Built the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World's Fair of 1889, which honored the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.
Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. Einstein's theories lead to the invention of nuclear power and the atomic bomb.
Gertrude Belle Elion
Invented the leukemia fighting drug 6-mercaptopurine, drugs that facilitated kidney transplants and drugs for the treatment of cancer.
African American inventor - view his three U.S. patents.
In 1989, Emeagwali won the Gordon Bell Prize for inventing supercomputer software.
Received a patent for Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.
Invented the computer mouse and the first GUI software before Microsoft or Apple.
The history of the propelling steam vessels.
Pioneered the high-pressure steam engine.
Invented the outboard motor.
Received a patent for the first computer microprocessor.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
The German physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer in 1709 and the mercury thermometer in 1714. In 1724, he introduced the temperature scale that bears his name.
Faraday's biggest breakthrough in electricity was his invention of the electric motor.
Philo T Farnsworth
The full story of the farm boy who conceived the basic operating principles of electronic television at the age of thirteen.
Invented liquid crystal display or LCD.
Fermi and the history of the neutronic reactor.
George W Ferris
The first ferris wheel was invented by bridge-builder, George Ferris.
In 1900, Fessenden transmitted the world's first voice message.
Made the first successful trial of a steamboat. The history of steamboats.
Received a patent for a petroleum refining method and was one of the most inventive chemists of all times.
Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming. The history of penicillin.
Sir Sandford Fleming
Invented standard time.
Thomas J Fogarty
Invented the embolectomy balloon catheter, a medical device.
Improved the "assembly line" for automobile manufacturing, received a patent for a transmission mechanism, and popularized the gas-powered car with the Model-T.
Jay W Forrester
A pioneer in digital computer development and invented random access, coincident-current, magnetic storage.
Invented naturally colored cotton.
Invented the lightning rod, the iron furnace stove or 'Franklin Stove', bifocal glasses, and the odometer.
Helen Murray Free
Invented the home diabetes test.
3M chemist who invented Post-It Notes as a temporary bookmarker.
Invented the geodesic dome in 1954.
American engineer, who brought steamboating to commercial success.
Gabe and the history of the "Self-Cleaning House".
Dr. Dennis Gábor
Developed the theory of holography while working to improve the resolution of an electron microscope.
One of the greatest scientists of all history Galileo had proved that the planets revolve around the sun not the earth as people thought at the time. He also invented a crude thermometer, early telescope, and contributed to the invention of the clock.
Demonstrated what we now understand to be the electrical basis of nerve impulses.
Charon Robin Ganellin
Received a patent for Tagamet - inhibits the production of stomach acid.
Invented the M1 semiautomatic rifle or Garand rifle in 1934.
Inventor of the high explosive rifle bullet.
The chairman of Microsoft, their chief software architect, and the creator of many early PC software programs.
Inventor of the Gatling gun
The Scottish goldsmith who invented stereotyping in 1725, a process in which a whole page of type is cast in a single mold so that a printing plate can be made from it.
Invented the Gerber Variable Scale® and the GERBERcutter®.
Invented a high-pressure vapor lamp. His development of the improved fluorescent lamp and the high-pressure mercury-vapor lamp allowed for more economical lighting with less heat.
A C Gilbert
Invented the Erector Set - a child's building toy.
Father of electricity who first coined the term "electricity" from the Greek word for amber.
An inventor, author, industrial engineer, industrial psychologist, and mother of twelve children.
King Camp Gillette
Invented the disposable balde safety razor.
Charles P Ginsburg
Developed the first practical videotape recorder (VTR).
Robert H Goddard
Goddard and the history of liquid-fueled rockets.
Sarah E Goode
The first African American woman to receive a US patent.
Made improvements in the indian-rubber fabrics used in tires.
Invented Java, a programming language and environment.
Invented the laser.
Meredith C Gourdine
Invented electrogasdynamics systems.
Bette Nesmith Graham
Invented "Liquid Paper".
Invented Graham Crackers in 1829.
Invented livestock handling devices.
Invented the "Etch-A-Sketch" - a child's reusable drawing tool.
An improved tapered golf tee was patented in 1899 by George F. Grant.
Invented an implantable cardiac pacemaker.
Leonard Michael Greene
Invented a stall warning device for airplanes. Greene has patented dozens of inventions related to aviation technology.
A grammar school dropout, Greenwood invented earmuffs at the age of 15 and accumulated over 100 patents in his lifetime.
David Paul Gregg
First envisioned the optical or laser disc in 1958 and patented it in 1969.
The ten-year-old famous inventor of Wristies®.
Invented a walkie talkie radio and a telephone pager.
Invented water-based fuels.
In 1450, Gutenberg made his first printing press.
Charles Martin Hall
Discovered an electrolytic method of producing aluminum cheaply, putting aluminum into the first wide commercial use in history.
Lloyd Augustus Hall
Invented meat curing products, seasonings, emulsions, bakery products, antioxidants, protein hydrolysates and many other products.
A youthful picture postcard peddler who became the big name in greeting cards by starting Hallmark Cards. The history of Hallmark Cards.
In 1962, Hall invented the semiconductor injection laser, a device now used in all compact disk players and laser printers, and most optical fiber communications systems. Hall also invented the magnetron that operates in most microwave ovens.
Sir William Hamilton
As well as giving his name to the company he founded in 1939, Hamilton was a famous New Zealander, who invented the modern waterjet propulsion system.
An Englishmen, who founded the British rubber industry. He is best known for his invention of the masticator, a machine that shreds rubber scraps, so rubber could be recycled. The history of rubber.
The Barbie doll was invented in 1959 - the history of Barbie.
William Edward Hanford
Received a patent for polyurethane in 1942. The hsitory of polyurethane.
Invented the spinning jenny.
Elizabeth Lee Hazen
Invented the world's first useful antifungal antibiotic, Nystatin.
Hertz was the first to demonstrate the production and detection of Maxwell's waves that lead to the invention of radio.
"The Hendershot Generator" was alleged to produce useable electric power in the range of 200 to 300 watts in 1930.
All told, Beulah Henry had about 110 inventions and 49 patents under her belt.
An important American scientist and the first Director of the Smithsonian Institution.
William R Hewlett
Invented the audio oscillator and co-founded the electronics company, Hewlett-Packard - the history of Hewlett Packard.
Rene Alphonse Higonnet
Invented the first practical phototypesetting machine.
Wolf H Hilbertz
Invented sea-cretion, a construction material made from the electrolytic deposition of minerals from seawater.
A rotary clothes line was developed and marketed by Australian, Lance Hill.
Part of the development of the electron microscope.
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
Hodgkin used X-Rays to find the structural layouts of atoms and the overall molecular shape of over 100 molecules including: penicillin, vitamin B-12, vitamin D and insulin.
Received a patent for the first computer microprocessor - the history of microprocessor.
Paul Hogan and fellow research chemist Robert Banks invented a durable plastic called Marlex.
Invented a punch-card tabulation machine system for statistical computation.
Richard M Hollingshead
Received a patent for; and opened the first drive-in theater.
Co-invented the telephony software called Visual Voice.
Donald Fletcher Holmes
Received a patent for polyurethane in 1942.
Hooke was perhaps the single greatest experimental scientist of the seventeenth century.
Erna Schneider Hoover
Invented the computerized telephone switching system.
A computer genius associated the Mark Computer series - the history of computers.
Invented the manufacture of liquid fuels, the catalytic muffler and a synthetic rubber process.
Patented the first American made sewing machine.
David Edward Hughes
Invented the carbon microphone that was essential to the development of telephone.
Invented the safety pin in 1849.
Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and inventor who was the leading proponent of the wave theory of light.
Mary Phelps Jacob
Mary Jacob and the history of the bra. Several patents were issued for women's undergarments.
Clayton Jacobsen II
Invented the Jet Ski.
Joseph Marie Jacquard
Invented the Jacquard Loom that weaved complex designs.
The Janney coupler was an improvement in railroad car couplers that became the standard for the railroad freightcar couplers used even today.
Invented the Jarvik 7 artificial heart.
Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States, who invented the swivel chair, the spherical sundial, the moldboard plow and the cipher wheel.
Charles Francis Jenkins
Jenkins invented a mechanical television system called radiovision and claimed to have transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images on June 14, 1923.
The first African American man to receive a patent on March 3, 1821 (US patent 3306x).
One of the forces behind the Apple computer.
Amanda Theodosia Jones
Changed the history of American food production by inventing vacuum packed canning.
Invented the first automatic refrigeration system for long-haul trucks.
The world's first African American heavyweight champion in history, also received a patent for a wrench (U.S.patent#1,413,121) on April the 18th, 1922.
Invented the Super Soaker®, a squirt gun. Johnson also invented thermodynamics systems, on the side.
Patented an improved mechanical egg beater on February 5, 1884.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner
Invented a permanent wave machine that would allow a hairdo to stay set for days.
Invented the "Clasp Locker", an early version of the zipper.
Ernest Everett Just
Eminent marine biologist, considered a leader and authority for his work with cell development.
Percy Lavon Julian
Julian received patents for synthesizing the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma, and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis. He also received a patent for fire-extinguishing equipment.
Dean Kamen invented a portable medication technology.
Invented an improved bellows, a modular hydrostatic bearing for machine tools, an opaque overhead projector for children to view artwork and even a TV remote control embedded in a Nerf-like football.
Invented the flying shuttle.
Known for his fiber-optic communications inventions, Donald Keck co-invented fiber-optic wire.
Architect, Anna Keichline created inventions for the home.
Invented log books that he used as a tool for calculating planetary positions, eyeglasses for near and far sighted persons, the convex eyepiece, and the quintile and biquintile (astronomy) aspects.
Charles Franklin Kettering
Invented the first electrical ignition system for the car and the first practical engine-driven generator.
The first women to receive a US patent on May 15, 1809.
Jack St Clair Kilby
Invented the microchip.
Patented the Forward Sleeve design for creating clothing.
Co-invented the modern hula hoop.
Co-invented the modern athletic shoe or sneakers.
An employee in a paper bag factorywho invented a new machine part to make square bottoms for paper bags.
The inventor of the artificial kidney dialysis machine.
Designed a pinhole gamma ray camera and collimator and helped to design and fabricate automatic air and water sampling equipment and radiation activity measuring devices.
Stephanie Louise Kwolek
Invented para-aramid fibers (Kevlar), used in mooring ropes, fiber-optic cables, aircraft parts, canoes and bullet-resistant vests.